Whenever Australians have been involved in military conflict they have been accompanied by a medical service. However, these women and men have often been hidden amongst the records and not given the prominence they deserve. The personal documents of anyone serving in a medical capacity during any time period are indexed on this page. Group photos and documents will be indexed under the Group Photos and Documents tab on this page.
Timeline for Women
1899 - Nurses accompanied the Colonial Regiments and served during the 2nd Anglo-Boer War.
1903 - Formation of the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) as a part of the Australian Army Medical Corps and a reserve force under the umbrella of the Citizen Military Force. It comprised of part time, volunteer civilian nurses and aimed to prepare them for immediate duty at the Base Hospitals and Field hospitals if the event of a National Emergency.
1914 - All trained nurses were encouraged to volunteer to serve overseas as well as within Australia by joining the AANS. Many volunteered with the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service in England, and private facilities. Nurses also volunteered with the Royal Australian Navy Nurses (RANN). The Red Cross and The Order of St John established the Voluntary Aid Detachments (VADs) who were trained in First aid and assisted the nurses in military hospitals. The majority of VADs served in Australia but a small contingent volunteered to serve in Britain and France alongside the British VADs. Voluntary Aid Detachment Enlistments
1928 - VADs transferred from the Red Cross/St John to be a part of the Australian Army Medical Corps.
1939 - Nurses volunteered with the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS), Royal Australian Naval Nursing Service (RANNS) and the Royal Australian Air Force Nursing Service (RAAFNS). Women could also volunteer with the VADs. They could chose to serve overseas or within Australia.
1942 - VADs who were working fulltime with the military were renamed The Australian Army Medical Women's Service (AAMWS).
1943 - The new Defence Act was legislated to allow all members of the AANS and AAMWS to serve in the Southwestern Pacific Zone, which included New Guinea and the adjacent islands.
1946 - Nurses were posted to Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF).
1948 - The AANS became the Royal Australian Army Nursing Service (RAANS).
1951 - The RAANS and the AAMWS both merged into The Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC).
Present - The RAANC is a part of the Australian Regular Army and is open to women and men.
Timeline for Men
1861 - Doctors volunteered with the Colonial infantry, cavalry and artillery corps.
1899 - Doctors, surgeons, dentists and stretcher bearers accompanied the Colonial Regiments and served during the 2nd Anglo-Boer War.
1902 - Formation of the Australian Army Medical Corps (AAMC) by amalgamating the medical capability of each of the States. It was a voluntary reserve force under the umbrella of the Citizen Military Force.
1914 - As men volunteered to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force to fight overseas, they were put into the AAMC if they had any medical experience or first aid training. They served wherever Australian soldiers served.
1948 - The AAMC became the Royal Australian Army Medical Corps (RAAMC).
1970 - Male nurses were allowed to serve in the RAANC.
Present - The RAAMC is a part of the Australian Regular Army and is open to men and women.
BAKER, Douglas George - 8441, W243577
BARNES, Kathleen Hope - WFX1543
BATES, Louvinia Mary Isabella - W16346, WX11169
BEARD, Alma May - W16368, WFX11175
BEARD, Margaret Ellen - W16375, WX11189
BELL, Alec Ernest James - 5714453
BEST, Kathleen Annie Louise - F391, V148401, VX102728, NFX12617
BOTTLE, Ruth Gladys Isabella
BOWE, Ethel Jessie - F331, VFX384
BOWERS, Emma Ethel
BRANLEY, Sheila Patricia - WFX22273
BROWN, Mary Aitken - WX17032
BROWN, Winifred E
BRUTON, Kate Veronica
BULGIN, Minnie Beatrice Maud - WFX22252
BULLWINKEL, Vivian - V12997, VFX61330, F31029
DAVIDSON, George Leslie - 8811
DAVIES, Elvin William - 5571, W96229
DICKSON, Lorna Ferrier - B2/532, 132/532
DONALD, Robert George - Q146595, QX51525
DOYLE, Helen Grace - 41237
DUNMAN, Maude Leslie - WX1538
FARMANER, Peggy Everett - W233413, WX3438
FARTHING, Gladys Jean - NX76449
FERGUSON, Jean Elsie - 51001F, WFX1569
FIELDING, Edna Mary - WX3414
FINKELSTEIN, Harry - WX4637
FOLLAND, Ena Azalia - WX3316
FORDHAM, Noel Archibald - 1240, W48085
HARLER, Edith Elizabeth - WX3474
HARPER, Iole - W16367, WX11172
HARVEY, Vera Simms - WX22052
HODGSON, Minnie Ivy - W16357, WX11174
HOME, Arthur Robinson - WX11151
HOWELLS, Albert Morgan - 19210
HUNT, Bruce Atlee - 38023, 1182, WX11177
107 Australian General Hospital
2/1st Australian General Hospital
2/2nd Australian General Hospital
2/3rd Australian General Hospital
2/7th Field Ambulance
Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps 1951-1972 Scrapbook
R.S.L. Returned Sisters Sub-Branch 1919-1979 Scrapbook
Women's Weekly 1940 Nurses Photo Collection
Voluntary Aid Detachment Enlistments