Australian Imperial Force
An Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was raised for World War 1 and again for World War 2.
When War broke out in 1914, and again in 1939, Australia had a small number of officers and soldiers in the Permanent Military Force. They had enlisted to serve for a period of 3 years, but only on Australian soil. There were also a large number of men who had received basic training in the Australian Cadet Corps and the Citizen Military Force. They could not serve overseas either.
World War 1
On 15 August 1914, the Federal Government called for volunteers from all over Australia to join the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) that could be sent anywhere in the world for the duration of hostilities. Nurses were encourged to sign up with the Australian Nursing Service AIF and their records are indexed here. The four squadrons of the Australian Flying Corps were also part of the AIF, however, their records are indexed on the Australian Air Force page . After the war ended, the AIF was disbanded.
World War 2
On 15 September 1939, the Federal Government called for male and female volunteers from all over Australia to join the Second Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) that could be sent anywhere in the world for the duration of hostilities. The 2nd AIF was officially disbanded on 30th June 1947.
Click on the buttons for World War 1 and World War 2 to see the records from each conflict.